Neurological Diseases

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Neurological diseases are related to any kind of disorder in the body’s neurological system. There may be structural abnormalities in the brain, spinal cord or nerves of the person suffering from such an illness. These are disorders that are related to brain and nerves majorly. There are various symptoms and signs of it such as poor coordination, loss of sensation, muscle weakness, paralysis (partial or full), confusion and pain. The study of neurological diseases is termed as neurology and the doctors who deal with it are referred to as neurologists.

Brain damage or dysfunctioning of the brain, spinal cord disorders, movement disorders, seizure disorders, sleep disorders, multiple sclerosis, migraines, etc all come under the category of neurological diseases.

Alzheimer’s disease, Apraxia, Autism, Alcoholism, Aphashia, /brain tumor, brain injury, Dons syndrome, Epilepsy, diabetic neuropathy, Dyslexia, Neurosis, Optic neuritis , Rabies, Polio, Synesthesia, split- brain, spinal cord injury, etc. are also some of the neurological diseases.

Here is an explanation to some of the very commonly caused neurological disorders.

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disease in which the nerve cells and spinal cord are damaged. There are a number of symptoms of this disease that are physical, mental, psychological and psychiatric. The cause is still not clear. However, it is assumed that the immune system is damaged which leads to multiple sclerosis. Genetic and environmental factors also contribute to the state of Multiple sclerosis of an individual. As of 2008, between 2 to 2.5 million people are affected globally with MS. Migraine is also characterized as a neurological disorder. In layman’s language, it can be defined as pain in one side of the head. The headache is unilateral i.e. it affects one half of the head. The duration of the headache lasts from 2 to 72 hrs. The reason for the cause of migraine or the exact mechanism of it is yet to be discovered. However it is believed that the environmental and generic factors play a key role. It is observed that the propensity of migraine decreases immensely during pregnancy. Google, Wikipedia states that globally, 15% of the people all around the world suffer from this neurological disease of migraine.

Epilepsy is another neurological disorder which is very common. In most of the cases, the causes of it are not discovered. However, it is assumed that strokes, alcohol and drug misuse are some of its factors. Epilepsy can be brought under control but it cannot be cured completely with medicines. A lot of people undergo surgery but the results are not always fruitful. When a person suffers from Epilepsy, there are unusual, excessive and abnormal seizures in the brain.

Autism is another neurological disorder that is observed widely around the world among human beings. It is a disorder that is characterized by impaired social interaction and verbal and non- verbal communication. 

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