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Neurological Diseases

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Neurological diseases are related to any kind of disorder in the body’s neurological system. There may be structural abnormalities in the brain, spinal cord or nerves of the person suffering from such an illness. These are disorders that are related to brain and nerves majorly. There are various symptoms and signs of it such as poor coordination, loss of sensation, muscle weakness, paralysis (partial or full), confusion and pain. The study of neurological diseases is termed as neurology and the doctors who deal with it are referred to as neurologists.

Brain damage or dysfunctioning of the brain, spinal cord disorders, movement disorders, seizure disorders, sleep disorders, multiple sclerosis, migraines, etc all come under the category of neurological diseases.

Alzheimer’s disease, Apraxia, Autism, Alcoholism, Aphashia, /brain tumor, brain injury, Dons syndrome, Epilepsy, diabetic neuropathy, Dyslexia, Neurosis, Optic neuritis , Rabies, Polio, Synesthesia, split- brain, spinal cord injury, etc. are also some of the neurological diseases.

Here is an explanation to some of the very commonly caused neurological disorders.

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disease in which the nerve cells and spinal cord are damaged. There are a number of symptoms of this disease that are physical, mental, psychological and psychiatric. The cause is still not clear. However, it is assumed that the immune system is damaged which leads to multiple sclerosis. Genetic and environmental factors also contribute to the state of Multiple sclerosis of an individual. As of 2008, between 2 to 2.5 million people are affected globally with MS. Migraine is also characterized as a neurological disorder. In layman’s language, it can be defined as pain in one side of the head. The headache is unilateral i.e. it affects one half of the head. The duration of the headache lasts from 2 to 72 hrs. The reason for the cause of migraine or the exact mechanism of it is yet to be discovered. However it is believed that the environmental and generic factors play a key role. It is observed that the propensity of migraine decreases immensely during pregnancy. Google, Wikipedia states that globally, 15% of the people all around the world suffer from this neurological disease of migraine.

Epilepsy is another neurological disorder which is very common. In most of the cases, the causes of it are not discovered. However, it is assumed that strokes, alcohol and drug misuse are some of its factors. Epilepsy can be brought under control but it cannot be cured completely with medicines. A lot of people undergo surgery but the results are not always fruitful. When a person suffers from Epilepsy, there are unusual, excessive and abnormal seizures in the brain.

Autism is another neurological disorder that is observed widely around the world among human beings. It is a disorder that is characterized by impaired social interaction and verbal and non- verbal communication. 

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5 Foods To Eat While Breastfeeding

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A Healthy Diet Ensures Healthy Breast Milk For The Babies

As much as a mother requires nutrition post delivery so does the baby. Breast feeding is considered to be the best way not just to feed an infant but also to ensure a strong bonding between the mother and the baby. While the baby is too young to have complementary food, it is important the mother includes a nutritious diet to have a healthy and strong baby. Many doctors recommend that a mother should breastfeed her baby exclusively for first six months. If we go by the study, breastfeeding also helps to strengthen the mental faculties of a child. This means that a mother needs to include fish, yogurt avocado, cheese, eggs, leafy greens, legumes, blueberries, nuts, brown rice, oranges, whole wheat bread and whole grain cereals in her meals. However to ensure that the breast milk has the right amount of protein, sugar, fat, vitamin and water we should go through the following tips:

Lactating mothers should ensure that their food comprises of legumes, especially the black beans and kidney beans since it is rich in iron, fibre, protein and zinc. You might also choose to make a soup and add some of these to have a healthy meal.

1. Blueberries

Antioxidant-rich blueberries are composed of vitamins (A and C), carbohydrates and minerals. A two or more servings of this fruit is sure to boost the energy levels along with making the breast milk more nutricious.

2. Eggs

One of the very common suggestions by many of the people around will also be Eggs. Highly concentrated in riboflavin, zinc, iron, vitamin B12 and vitamin A, eggs can be cooked in various forms. Scramble them and enjoy a healthy breakfast or boil the same to add it in your salads.

3. Fishes

Fishes are also believed to be a rich source of protein and calcium that help in the brain development of the child. Take proper advice before you choose the kind of fish for your meals.

4. Whole Wheat Bread

Whole wheat bread is another healthy option that can be chosen by lactating mothers for a proper growth not just of their babies but also of themselves since it is rich in folic acid.

5. Red Meat

For those who also can relish non vegetarians, Red Meat comprises of protein, vitamin B12, iron and zinc. Importantly Zinc is very beneficial for the growth of bones and a strong immunity system of the baby.

One could easily opt for artificial breastfeeding but it has its own set of hazardous health effects on the baby. This is why it is preferred that a mother has a nutritious diet. Breastfeeding consumes as much as 500 calories from a mother while she breastfeeds her baby. Hence, it is also very important to administer a lactating mother’s diet atleast for the first 6 to 10 months post delivery so that both she and her baby remain well nourished.

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10 Questions To Ask When Diagnosed With Breast Cancer

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If patient’s medical reports are positive and she is diagnosed with breast cancer, it can be very scary and traumatic. She may have a set of questions and worries. Now the next step is to learn more and more about the breast cancer, how to treat it, what can be the remedies, and what precautions need to be taken. The patient should discuss with her doctor about each and every aspect which is related to her disease. Following list of questions can be asked to the doctor before appointment:

Q1. What are the essential tests for accurate diagnosis?

Generally breast cancer is assumed when some crucial changes are found in the breast, and it has been observed many times that these results do not convert into breast cancer. Though, the best way to confirm the disease is to proper diagnosis as well as accurate tests.

Q2. What is the type of breast cancer?

It is mandatory for a patient to know that which type of breast cancer she is suffering from. The patient should learn more about it. It can be an invasive type of breast cancer or non-invasive. The patient needs to confirm this to the doctor.

Q3. What is the medical stage of the patient?

It helps to know the patients that how much cancer has spread in the complete organ. Also it helps the doctors to identify, what should be the next step or treatment.

Q4. Why patient should search for a second opinion?

It is always better to take a second opinion from another breast cancer specialist. After diagnosis it may be proven very helpful along with significance to take another opinion before initiating the treatment procedure.

Q5. What can be the side effects of treatment?

Sometimes medication has some possible side effects. For this reason the patient should ask the doctor about the side effects so precautions can be taken for side effects.

Q.6. what is a suggested treatment procedure and why?

The procedure which doctor is going to adopt for the treatment completely depends on the medical reports. After careful study of all reports and test results the doctor will recommend the best possible treatment to the patient. At the same time the patient may ask for another possible treatment if any.

Q7. What is the current status of her2/neu?

This is a kind of substance that is excessively released in about 25 to 30 percent of breast cancers. The Patient should confirm with the doctor if she is her2/neu positive and accordingly take precautions for the same.

Q8. What is the prognosis?

The Prognosis is nothing but chances of recovery through the treatment. Each patient should ask the doctor for the same.

Q9. Can patient’s family history be relevant for diagnosis?

It is not necessary always, but sometimes it has been found that it increases the risk, if any of the relative (mother, sister or daughter) has suffered with the breast cancer.

Q10. What will be complete cost of the treatment?

This cost of treatment can vary from place to place. It is crucial for the patient to ask doctors for the complete cost of treatment including fees as well medical expense.

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Nine Foods That Fight Teeth Problems

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Our body is what we eat. The same is true when it comes to our teeth. The health of our teeth depends upon what we eat, how we take care of our teeth. When proper care of teeth is not taken then there could be many problems that one can face like tooth decay, gum disease, tooth loss, toothache, Halitosis, cavities etc. These problems can happen to anyone, anytime.

Oral hygiene is one best way to keep teeth clean and stay away from different teeth problems. Brushing, flossing daily, regular dental check up, eating properly can help to prevent dental problems.

A tooth is basically made up of four main parts: outside is the protective layer of enamel – the hardest substance of body. Below that is dentin a bone like substance the largest part of tooth. Underneath that comes a soft center called pulp, and the house of all blood vessels and nerve endings.

Finally,

Cementum which covers the teeth.

There are certain food that prevents teeth problems and some are stated below:

1. Fruits and Vegetables

Fruits like banana, apple oranges and vegetables like beans, peas and sprouts arehigh-fiber food which will keep the saliva flowing. It will help to fight tooth decay giving much healthier teeth.

2. Whole Grains

Whole provide vitamins and iron, which helps to keep the teeth healthy. Whole Grain also has magnesium an important ingredients for bone and teeth. Coarse grain like brown rice, bran, whole grain cereal and pasta are rich source of vitamin B, fiber and iron. These are fibrous carbohydrates that helps to fight tooth cavities.

3. Calcium Rich Food

Calcium rich food helps to replace the essential minerals that are lost otherwise. Sea food like prawn, oysters and clamp contain calcium that helps to strengthen the teeth. Cheese help to stimulate saliva, its calcium helps to replace the mineral leached from teeth. Milk, yogurt and other similar products provide calcium and phosphates. Milk also provides Vitamin D useful for the body to use calcium.

4. Xylitol

Sugar free gums are also helpful for the teeth. They prevent harmful bacteria in plaque from metabolizing sugar by creating harmful acids that degrade tooth enamel. It controls the bacteria which lead to tooth decay and gums. They stimulate saliva production and help to scrub the teeth.

5. Celery

Eating celery can benefit because it break downs into fibrous strand which clean the teeth naturally.

6. Water

According to National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, drinking water with optimal source of fluoride prevents tooth decay and strengthens the tooth enamel. Water is the main content of saliva and significant factor for tooth and gum health.

7. Sesame oil

Gargling with sesame oil is a popular method used in ayurvedic medicine known as “oil pulling”. This method is as useful as washing with chlorhexidine mouthwash which reduces plaque, gingival scores and the total bacterial count.

8. Mint leaves

Mint leaves works as disinfectant. Chewing mint leaves can help to protect the teeth after meals.

9. Nuts

Nuts provides a large amount of vitamins and minerals. Raisin contains flavinoids and photophenols which help to control mouth bacteria. Almonds which containshigh levels of calcium, helps both teeth and gums. Walnuts contain fiber, folic acid, iron, thiamine, magnesium, iron, niacin, vitamin E, vitamin B6, potassium and zinc. Peanuts contain calcium and Vitamin D which is required for healthy teeth.

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Glaucoma Causes

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Glaucoma is responsible for damage of optic nerve of an eye which becomes more dangerous if not treated on time. It may result in blindness. The optic nerve is responsible for sending signals from your eye’s retina to your brain, where these signals are interpreted as the images you see.

Glaucoma is primarily of 2 types, namely:

Open angle

Closed angle

Glaucoma occurs more frequently if you are/have:

Are over age 40

Poor vision

If you are diabetic

Taking steroid medications etc.

Causes

Glaucoma occurs when there is a force increase in your eye. It occurs when the eye fluid is not circulating properly in your eye, especially in the front area.

The main cause responsible for Glaucoma is aqueous liquid which works in channel and if this channel is not working properly then it will start building Glaucoma.

Researchers are unable to find out the actual reason of blockage, but it is assumed that this disease can happen because of family history also.

Generally, it occurs in both eyes and at a different stage.

Signs and Symptoms

It has been observed that there are few or no symptoms of Glaucoma in most of the cases. As the disease increases and more damage occur, blind spots develop in eyes. These spots can go unnoticed until the optic nerve has become severely damaged.

If any of the below signs & symptoms are noticed, visit the doctor immediately –

Halos around lights

Vision loss

Redness or Pain in the eye

Hazy eyes

Vomiting sensation or Nausea

Tunnel vision

Diagnosis

Vision examination is most important to diagnose Glaucoma. The eye examination majorly focuses on the optic nerve which has particular appearance in Glaucoma. Different photographs of optic nerve are helpful to follow over time as the optic nerve appearance changes as Glaucoma progresses. Tonometry is also important to check the eye pressure and visual field, if required, to determine in case there is loss of side vision.

Treatment

Before you start any treatment, it is important to share with your ophthalmologist about other medical conditions and all medications you are currently taking.

Treatment of Glaucoma will depend on specific kinds of Glaucoma, its severity and its response to treatment.

Following treatment should be started on immediate basis –

Eye drops

Laser surgery

Microsurgery

There are several ways to treat Glaucoma but few things are very important to be remember. It can always happen that some people may experience side effects from Glaucoma medications of surgery. The risks of side effects should always be balanced with the greater risk of leaving Glaucoma untreated and finally losing vision.

Prevention

According to researchers, Glaucoma can be treated, only when diagnosed soon, the ailment can be prevented.

Prognosis

Loss of vision caused because of Glaucoma is irremediable which can never be restored. It is advisable to visit the doctor and start treatment to prevent loss of vision due to Glaucoma.

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